Cervical cancer screening
Worldwide, cervical cancer continues to be a major cause of mortality for women. In the United States, the rate of cervical cancer has dropped dramatically due to regular cervical cancer screening. Cervical cancer is caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and results in changes to the integrity of the cells within the cervix. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) currently recommend cervical cancer screening in the form of the pap smear every 3 years starting at the age of 21. Over the age of 30, women are recommended to have a pap smear and test for the HPV virus.