Meningococcal Vaccination is the best way to prevent meningitis, a rare but deadly bacterial infection that affects people in this age group. Menactra®, the meningococcal vaccine, is given to preteens and teens at age 11 or 12 years. A booster dose is needed at 16 years of age and is recommended for anybody entering college or the military.
The human papilloma virus vaccine or HPV vaccine can prevent some genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer. Gardasil 9®, the newest form of HPV vaccination on the market, can also prevent anal cancers, vaginal cancers and precursors to cancers. It is used in females aged 9 to 26 years and males aged 9 to 15 years. Protection from the HPV vaccine is expected to be long-lasting and this is the only vaccine that can prevent cancer. However, vaccinated women still need regular cervical cancer screenings because the vaccine does not protect against all HPV types that cause cervical cancer.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots, are vaccines that protect against influenza. A new version of the vaccine is developed twice a year as the influenza virus rapidly changes. Influenza vaccine is recommended for everybody between October and March, however, it is particularly important for children, the elderly, pregnant women, and those with chronic diseases.